艾滋病携带者

2009-01-16 18:15来源:刘君专栏
艾滋病携带者 目录 【什么是艾滋病携带者】 【公共场所不易感染艾滋

艾滋病携带者
目录
【什么是艾滋病携带者】
【公共场所不易感染艾滋病】
【艾滋病期】
【艾滋病症状介绍】
【艾滋病携带者潜伏期的持续症状】
【急性HIV感染临床表现】
【艾滋病三种主要传播途径】
【世界艾滋病日】
• 【预防控制艾滋病基本知识】
【什么是艾滋病携带者】
  正常人感染了艾滋病病毒后,开始并不感觉自己有病,血清中也检测不出抗体,这段时间称为窗口期,一般为两周至3个月,然后进入无症状期,此期由几个月至十几年不等,血清中开始检测出抗HIV抗。从艾滋病病毒侵入人体,经过窗口期和无症状期,到艾滋病综合征出现前这段过程叫做艾滋病病毒感染(HIV感染),被感染的人称为艾滋病病毒携带者(HIV携带者)或感染者。
【公共场所不易感染艾滋病】
  一般来说,在公共场所感染艾滋病的机会很小。
  因为艾滋病毒一旦离开人体后,生存能力就变得非常弱,很快就死亡,普通的消毒剂、热水就可消灭它,所以说在公共浴池是不会感染艾滋病毒的。
  有人会问,那在游泳池会不会染上艾滋病呢?如果有艾滋病患者也在一个游泳池里游泳,是不会传染的,即便是艾滋病感染者在游泳时划破皮肤出血,溶于水里,也是不会造成传染的。因为,一是艾滋病毒离开人体,在水中的存活时间不会超过1分钟;二是池水多,很快被释放分散于大量水中,即便接触到艾滋病毒,它也没有从皮肤钻入人体的本领。
  专家认为,任何一种疾病的感染,都需要有一定的条件,比如适合的环境、含菌或含病毒的浓度以及特定的传播途径和适合的人群。因此,游泳是安全的。至于与艾滋病人说话则更不用担心,因为艾滋病毒不是通过空气传播的。
【艾滋病期】
  1,原因不明的持续不规则发热38度以上,大于一个月
  2,慢性腹泻次数多于3次/日,大于一个月
  3,6个月之内体重下降10%以上
  4,反复发作的口腔白念珠茵感染
  5,反复发作的单纯疱疹病毒感染或带状疱疹病毒感染
  6,肺孢子虫肺炎(PCP)
  7,反复发作的细菌性肺炎
  8,活动性肺结核或非结核分枝杆茵病
  9,深部真茵感染
  10,中枢神经系统占位性病变
  11,中青年人出现痴呆
  12,活动性巨细胞病毒感染
  13,弓形虫脑病
  14,青霉茵感染
  15,反复发生的败血症
  16,皮肤粘膜或内脏的卡波氏肉瘤,淋巴瘤。
【艾滋病症状介绍】
  ●急性感染期●
  15-20%的感染者在2-6周内可出现发热、发汗、疲乏、肌痛、关节痛、厌食、皮疹、淋巴结肿大等,症状一般持续3-14天后进入无症状期。有的人感染HIV后并不出现任何急性症状。
  ●无症状期●
  绝大多数艾滋病病毒感染者开始时都没有任何症状,如同健康人一样,因此,自己也不知道是什么时候感染的。重要的是这些无症状的艾滋病病毒携带者是最主要的传染源。一般持续几个月至10年以上。随着免疫功能逐渐下降,开始逐渐出现症状。
  ●发病早期●
  艾滋病发病早期病人表现有全身淋巴结肿大,常见分布在颈、腋窝及腹股沟等处。肿大的淋巴结多为对称性,特点是坚硬不粘连,无触痛及波动感。少数患者可出现轻度贫血。但无明显其它症状。出现相关综合症。各种症状逐渐发生,日趋严重。
  ●发病期●
  如长期发热(达一个月以上),进行性体重减轻(2个月内体重减轻10%以上),持久性腹泻、乏力、厌食、智力减退、反应迟钝等。由于艾滋病病人免疫功能完全损失,发生常见的机会性感染,如结核、乙型肝炎、口腔与咽部霉菌感染等。艾滋病也常并发恶性肿瘤如卡波济氏肉瘤、淋巴瘤、肝癌、肾癌等。
【艾滋病携带者潜伏期的持续症状】
  1.持续低热(93%)
  2.疲乏(90%)
  3.原因不明的喉炎(70%)
  4.体重突然下降10%以上(70%)
  5.头痛(60%)
  6.恶心(60%)
  7.肌肉和关节痛(60%)
  8.夜间盗汗(50%)
  9.持续腹泻(50%)
  10.皮疹(40%)
【急性HIV感染临床表现】
  1,有发热,乏力,咽痛,全身不适等上呼吸道感染症状
  2,个别有头痛,皮疹,脑膜炎或急性多发性神经炎
  3,颈,腋及枕部有肿大的淋巴结类似传染性单核细胞增多症
  4,肝脾肿大
【艾滋病三种主要传播途径】
  注射吸毒占40.8%
  采供血占23.0
  性传播占9.0%
  途径不详者占23.4%
  估计其中多以性传播为主。
 

AIDS carriers
Contents
What is AIDS carriers 【】
【Public places not easily infected with HIV】
AIDS period 【】
Introduction】 【AIDS symptoms
【Incubation period of AIDS carriers continued symptoms】
【Clinical manifestations of acute HIV infection】
【Three main route of transmission of AIDS】
【World AIDS Day】
• 【basic knowledge of AIDS prevention and control】
What is AIDS carriers 【】
Normal people infected with HIV, is beginning to not feel sick, not detected in serum antibodies, this time called the window period, usually two weeks to three months and then enter the asymptomatic period, the period from several months to ten years ranged from the beginning of serum anti-HIV resistance testing. From the AIDS virus into the human body, after the window period and the asymptomatic period, before the AIDS syndrome, this process is called HIV infection (HIV infection), was infected with HIV called (HIV carriers) or infected.
【Public places not easily infected with HIV】
Generally speaking, in public places a very small chance of HIV infection.
Because once they left the body of HIV, the viability has become very weak and soon died, ordinary disinfectants, hot water can destroy it, so that in the public baths are not infected with HIV.
Some people may ask, that in the pool will be infected with AIDS? If there are AIDS patients is also a swimming pool, swimming, will not be transmitted, even AIDS swimmers cut through the skin hemorrhage, soluble in water, but also will not cause infection. Because, first, to leave the body of HIV, the survival time in the water not more than 1 minutes; Second, water and more were released soon dispersed in a large number of water, even if exposed to HIV, nor did it from the skin into the body's ability to .
Experts believe that any kind of disease, infection, has to have certain conditions, such as a suitable environment, that contain bacteria or virus, as well as the concentration of a specific route of transmission and for the crowd. Therefore, swimming is safe. As for people with AIDS to speak even more to worry about because HIV is not spread through the air.
AIDS period 【】
1, unexplained persistent irregular fever above 38 degrees, more than a month
2, the number of chronic diarrhea more than 3 times / day, more than a month
3,6 months more than 10% weight loss
4, recurrent infections of oral white beads Yin
5, recurrent herpes simplex virus infection or herpes zoster virus infection
6, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
7, recurrent bacterial pneumonia
8, active tuberculosis or Mycobacterium tuberculosis Bacillus disease
9, deep real-yin infection
10, the central nervous system lesions
11, young people appear in dementia
12, active cytomegalovirus infection
13, Toxoplasma gondii encephalopathy
14, Penicillium Yin infection
15, recurring septicemia
16, mucocutaneous or visceral Kaposi's sarcoma and lymphoma.
Introduction】 【AIDS symptoms
Period of acute infection ● ●
15-20% of infected persons in 2-6 weeks may develop fever, sweating, fatigue, myalgia, arthralgia, anorexia, rash, swollen lymph nodes and other symptoms generally continued into the asymptomatic period of 3-14 days. Some people infected with HIV do not post any acute symptoms.
Asymptomatic period ● ●
The vast majority of HIV-infected persons were not the beginning of any symptoms, as healthy people do, therefore, do not know what is the time of infection. Is important is that these asymptomatic HIV is the most important source of infection. Generally continued for several months to more than 10 years. With the gradual decline in immune function, symptoms began.
Early onset ● ●
The performance of the early AIDS patients have systemic lymphadenopathy, commonly found in neck, armpits and groin, etc.. Swollen lymph nodes for symmetry, and there is a hard non-adhesive, no tenderness and a sense of volatility. A small number of patients with mild anemia may occur. However, no significant other symptoms. Appear related to SARS. A variety of symptoms occur gradually, becoming more and more serious.
● ● incidence period
Such as fever (up to one month or more), progressive weight loss (2 months more than 10% weight loss), persistent diarrhea, fatigue, anorexia, mental decline, such as slow in reacting. Immune function in AIDS patients as a result of a total loss, the occurrence of common opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B, oral cavity and pharynx, such as fungal infection. AIDS is often complicated by malignant tumors such as Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma, liver, kidney and so on.
【Incubation period of AIDS carriers continued symptoms】
1. Continued low heat (93%)
2. Fatigue (90%)
3. Unexplained laryngitis (70%)
4. Weight suddenly dropped more than 10% (70%)
5. Headache (60%)
6. Nausea (60%)
7. Muscle and joint pain (60%)
8. Night sweats (50%)
9. Continued diarrhea (50%)
10. Rash (40%)
【Clinical manifestations of acute HIV infection】
1, there are fever, fatigue, pharyngodynia, general malaise and other symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection
2, individual headache, rash, meningitis or acute polyneuritis
3, neck, axilla and occipital lymph nodes are swollen similar to infectious mononucleosis
4, hepatosplenomegaly
【Three main route of transmission of AIDS】
Injecting drug use accounted for 40.8%
Blood accounted for 23.0
Sexual transmission accounted for 9.0%
Unknown channels accounted for 23.4%
Estimated that more than a sexually transmitted mainly.
顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
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·艾滋病症状:感冒 低烧 皮疹 皮炎 头痛 恶心 腹泻 乏力 肌肉关节痛 咽炎 盗汗 淋巴结肿大 口腔症状 神经系统 体重下降
·艾滋病行为:高危性行为 行为风险 无套口交 有套性交 无套性交 肛交 接吻 手淫 按摩 扎针 美容 修牙 一夜情 安全套安全吗?
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·艾滋病故事:震撼人心的艾滋病人照片(组图) 大学男生一夜放纵洗发廊感染艾滋病(视频) 艾滋病女孩:一夜堕落让我走上不归路
·艾滋病故事:安全套也挡不住艾滋病:车模小姐的自白 一位艾滋患者心灵告白:一切源于不该发生的一夜情 发廊妹的艾滋病故事
·艾滋病故事:网络“一夜情”酿就短暂人生 一位大学毕业生艾滋病感染者的心路历程 一个男同性恋艾滋病感染者的故事
·艾滋病问答:戴套找小姐会感染艾滋病吗? 无套口交会感染艾滋病吗? 接吻会感染艾滋病吗? 没有症状需要做艾滋病检测吗?

中国疾病预防控制中心权威发布:
2008年全国HIV抗体诊断试剂临床质量评估报告 2007年全国HIV抗体诊断试剂临床质量评估报告
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